As of 20 March 2020, 12 pm, the Ministry of Health (MOH) has confirmed and verified an additional 30 imported and ten local cases of COVID-19 infection in Singapore.
- The 30 imported cases (Cases 346, 347, 349, 351, 352, 354, 355, 356, 357, 360, 362, 363, 365, 366, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383 and 385) had travel history to Europe, North America, ASEAN and other parts of Asia. All except one were returning residents and long-term pass holders;
- Seven are linked to previous cases (Case 348 is linked to Case 227; Case 353 is linked to Case 177; Case 359 is linked to Case 321; Case 361 is linked to Case 318; Case 364 is linked Case 225; Case 367 is linked to Case 338; and Case 368 is linked to Cases 225 and 294);
- Three are currently unlinked (Cases 350, 358 and 384).
This brings the total number of confirmed cases to 385 so far.
Update on condition of confirmed cases
To date, a total of 131 cases have fully recovered from the infection and have been discharged from the hospital. Of the 254 confirmed cases who are still in the hospital, most are stable or improving. 16 are in critical condition in the intensive care unit.
Stricter safe distancing measures to prevent further spread of COVID-2019 cases
Singapore will implement stricter safe distancing measures to reduce the risk of further local transmission of COVID-19, especially for vulnerable segments of the population.
The ministry stated that it has studied the pattern of transmission amongst the locally transmitted cases, and found that many were infected during events and social gatherings, and interactions between colleagues at workplaces.
In view of this, the Multi-Ministry Taskforce will introduce stricter safe distancing measures to limit close contact and large gatherings of people in close proximity over a prolonged duration, the ministry announced.
Safe distancing measures for the general population
Events and gatherings
Between now and 30 June 2020, all events and gatherings with 250 or more participants in attendance at any one time must be suspended. This is an expansion of the previous requirement for ticketed cultural, sports and entertainment events to be limited to fewer than 250 participants.
For events and gatherings with fewer than 250 participants, organisers and event venue operators are required to implement the necessary precautionary measures to ensure separation of at least a metre between participants. These measures include spaced seating at events, and reducing mingling of participants such as during meal times.
Events and gatherings must also comply with the existing guidance, including:
- Improving ventilation and advising participants to reduce contact with others;
- Putting in place temperature and health screening measures, and turning away persons who are unwell;
- Putting in place measures to facilitate contact tracing if needed, such as obtaining contact details of participants.
Operators of venues which are accessible to the public are required to implement the necessary precautionary measures to ensure separation of at least a metre between patrons. For example:
- Queues (e.g. outside restaurants, at retail stores) should be kept fast-moving. This could be done by ensuring that all checkout counters are open, and encouraging self-checkout to minimise contact with counter staff. Operators are encouraged to demarcate queues to ensure patrons queue at least a metre apart from one another;
- Food and beverage venues should maintain a distance of at least one metre between tables, and between seats. Where seats are fixed, including hawker centres, operators should ensure alternate seats are marked out. Individuals and family members who wish to seat together should continue to do so, but there should be a safe distance maintained between different groups;
- Entertainment venues and attractions (e.g. cinemas/theatres, theme parks, casinos, museums and galleries) should adopt measures appropriate to their venue to ensure separation of at least a metre amongst patrons. This could include reducing operating capacity to provide more spacing, installing floor markers at queuing areas, and adopting chequerboard or alternate seating.
Members of the public are strongly advised to comply with safe distancing measures put in place by operators.
Employers are strongly advised to put in place measures to reduce close physical interactions amongst employees. All employers should facilitate telecommuting for their employees to work from home. Tele-conferencing should also be used in place of physical meetings wherever possible.
For employees undertaking job roles or functions where telecommuting is not feasible, employers should take the following precautions:
- Staggered working hours: Employers should implement staggered working hours (for both reporting and ending times) with minimally three one-hourly blocks and no more than 50 percent of total employees reporting to work within each one-hour block. Where possible, reporting and ending times should not coincide with peak-hour travel, especially if employees require the use of public transport.
- Reduce duration and proximity of physical interactions: Employers should provide for physical spacing (of at least one metre apart) between work stations. If there is a need for physical meetings, the number of attendees should be limited and the duration shortened. Seats in meeting rooms should also be spaced at least a metre apart.
- Defer non-critical events and scale down critical work events: For critical work events that cannot be deferred, employers must limit these to no more than 250 participants at any point in time and put in place measures to ensure separation of at least a metre between participants. These include meals and mingling during the event.
The above requirements and advisories for events, gatherings, workplaces and public venues will be subject to further review based on the global and local situation.
Additional safe distancing measures for seniors
The ministry stated that according to the World Health Organization (WHO), individuals who are of older age or have underlying conditions (e.g. heart disease, diabetes) have a higher risk of severe COVID-19 infection. In view of this, the Multi-Ministry Taskforce will take extra precautions to safeguard the wellbeing of the seniors.
Suspension of senior-centric activities
Since 11 March, all senior-centric activities at community clubs, residents’ committees, Senior Activity Centres, Active Ageing Hubs, CREST Centres, Health Promotion Board and ActiveSG sports centres have been suspended for two weeks. National Silver Academy (NSA) courses and volunteer programmes administered by the Council for Third Age have also been suspended for the same period.
To continue to safeguard the seniors’ wellbeing in the coming weeks, the suspension of the above activities will be extended for another 14 days, until 7 April. In addition, all organisers of activities that involve physical interactions amongst seniors should suspend such activities from 22 March to 7 April. These include senior-centric courses, activities and interest groups, as well as events, performances, and other gatherings targeted at seniors.
MOH also stressed that organisers should put in place extra precautions in preparation for the resumption of organised activities after 7 April.
The ministry also encourages seniors to continue to be active during this period. Organisers of senior-centric activities are encouraged to organise activities which do not require close contact between seniors, such as by using online platforms.
Advisory for seniors and caregivers
In addition to the safe distancing measures, the government advises seniors to avoid crowded places as far as possible and be vigilant in maintaining good personal hygiene, such as by washing their hands frequently and avoiding touching their face and eyes. Seniors who feel unwell should see a doctor.
Anyone interacting with seniors should also take extra care with personal hygiene. They should avoid interacting with seniors when they are unwell.