“ASEAN has failed to recognise the peoples’ desire for a meaningful political solution to the Myanmar crisis during its Leaders’ Meeting”, said the Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA), along with its member organisations from Indonesia and Myanmar in a joint statement on Friday (30 Apr).
The human rights groups derided the ASEAN Leaders’ Meeting that took place in Jakarta last Saturday (24 Apr) to discuss the situation in Myanmar.
“It was disappointing that the National Unity Government (NUG) was not invited to the meeting, which was one of the key demands from the peoples of Myanmar,” they said.
Two days before the meeting (22 Apr), 870 civil society organisations and 827 individuals from Myanmar, the Southeast Asian region, and beyond issued an open letter calling ASEAN leaders to reject the presence of the junta, invite the NUG, release political prisoners in Myanmar, and coordinate with the United Nations in addressing the dire situation in Myanmar.
“Despite pleas from across the globe, none of those demands were met at the Leaders’ Meeting,” said the human rights groups.
“Not a meaningful engagement aligned with the will of Myanmar people”
The Leaders’ Meeting, though it did generate a five-points consensus – including calling on the immediate cessation of violence, constructive dialogue of all parties, and deploying an ASEAN Special Envoy to Myanmar – was “not a meaningful engagement aligned with the will of Myanmar people”, as the junta’s chief Ming Aung Hlaing was the sole representative from the country.
“The fact that a perpetrator of state violence and target of international sanctions like Min Aung Hlaing was allowed to negotiate and agree on the consensus, together with other ASEAN Member State Leaders, led to a weak resolution from ASEAN,” said Shamini Darshni Kaliemuthu, Executive Director of FORUM-ASIA.
“By giving Ming Aung Hlaing a seat at the table, ASEAN also lends legitimation to the military junta and risk elevating his position as a de facto leader. ASEAN has failed to recognise the peoples’ desire for a meaningful political solution during its Leaders’ Meeting.”
“If ASEAN would envision a Myanmar-led process, it needs to include the democratically-elected government who represents the voice of the people in its negotiation, not the military,” said Khin Ohmar, Chairperson of Progressive Voice.
“By not coming into a unity to call for the release of all political prisoners as the output of the meeting, while blaming the peoples of Myanmar, among other issues, ASEAN Leaders’ Meeting has succumbed to the junta’s presence.”
Continuous repression from Indonesian government to freedom of peaceful assembly and association
In the joint statement, the human rights groups rejected the reprisals against the NUG by the unlawful military junta, which coincided with the ASEAN Leaders’ Meeting.
A day before the Leaders’ Meeting, the military junta issued arrest warrants for Myanmar’s NUG ministers, indicating the military’s commitment to repress and stifle Myanmar people’s movement for federal democracy and justice.
The groups are also alarmed by the oppression against peaceful protesters in front of the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta to oppose the presence of Min Aung Hlaing at the Leaders’ Meeting.
At least five paralegals and assistant lawyers from FORUM-ASIA member organisations, Indonesia Legal Aid Foundation (YLBHI) and the Indonesia Legal Aid and Human Rights Association (PBHI), along with six protesters from the youth and labour movement were detained at the South Jakarta Police Station.
“The arrests showcase a continuous repression from the Indonesian government to the freedom of peaceful assembly and association,” said Asfinawati, Chairperson of YLBHI.
“It also implies that Indonesia, as the biggest democratic nation in ASEAN, does not want to criticise and would like to maintain its relationship with the junta.”
“Another futile reunion between leaders”
The groups concluded their statement saying, “With the ASEAN Leaders Meeting that failed to meet the peoples’ demand, the repression against protesters in Indonesia, and junta’s arrest warrants for the NUG ministers, ASEAN intervention has again diverted from the peoples’ desire for a conflict-free and peaceful Myanmar to another ‘futile reunion’ between leaders.
“Only by having a meaningful dialogue with the peoples of Myanmar and their representative NUG, and prioritising and incorporating their voices in its intervention can ASEAN be a meaningful and relevant mechanism to solve the crisis in Myanmar effectively.”