NEW YORK, UNITED STATES — US prosecutors arrested the former head of Celsius Network on fraud charges on Thursday, a year after the cryptocurrency platform filed for bankruptcy protection while owing investors US$4.7 billion.
A Justice Department indictment of Alexander Mashinsky listed seven criminal counts, including securities fraud, wire fraud and market manipulation.
Mashinsky is accused of “orchestrating a scheme to defraud customers of Celsius through a series of false claims about the fundamental safety and security of the Celsius platform,” said US Attorney Damian Williams of the southern district of New York State.
“Whether it’s old-school fraud or some new-school crypto scheme, it doesn’t matter one bit. It’s all fraud to us,” Williams said in a press release. “And we’ll be here to catch it.”
Mashinksy, who was born in Ukraine before living in Israel and then the United States, faces decades of potential imprisonment, with each of the seven counts holding a maximum possible sentence of between five and 20 years.
Mashinsky was arrested early Thursday and scheduled to be presented in court later in the day.
Authorities also charged Roni Cohen-Pavon, Celsius’s former chief revenue officer, who is an Israeli citizen and is currently abroad.
At its peak in late 2021, Celsius had more than one million clients and held more than US$25 billion in assets.
But the company hit hard times in the spring of 2022 as the value of cryptocurrencies plummeted.
Facing deep customer withdrawals, Celsius on 12 June 2022 froze customer accounts before filing for bankruptcy protection a month later.
DOJ noted that in the days ahead of the June 2022 freeze on withdrawals, Mashinsky “continued to assure Celsius customers that Celsius was in a strong financial position and had sufficient liquidity to meet all customer withdrawal demands,” according to an agency press release.
But even as he made these statements, Mashinsky had removed approximately $8 million of his own assets from the Celsius platform, the DOJ said.
In a parallel case, the Federal Trade Commission announced a settlement with Celsius that will permanently ban it from handling customer assets.
Celsius also agreed to a judgment of US$4.7 billion, which will be suspended to allow Celsius to return its remaining assets to consumers in bankruptcy proceedings, the FTC said.
The agency did not settle with Mashinksy and two other Celsius co-founders, Shlomi Daniel Leon and Hanoch Goldstein. A civil FTC case against these three will proceed in federal court, the FTC said.