Etern Medical Group which operates 4 branches in Sengkang and Punggol published a circular it had received on its Facebook page yesterday (15 Aug).
The circular, apparently from MOH, revealed that there has been an increase in typhoid fever in Singapore recently. As of 13 Aug, MOH has already been notified of 15 cases of typhoid fever locally:

All 15 cases were hospitalised and are reported to be stable. Eleven of these cases have been discharged and MOH said investigations are ongoing.
On its Facebook page, Etern Medical also added that typhoid fever “is active these few weeks”.
“Best test to use are stool specimen or rectal swab. Blood test like Widal test, CRP, basic panel, stool calprotectin are useful to assess severity and to rule out other important conditions like Dengue. Even infants have been diagnosed to have salmonella infection in our clinic also,” it said.

Highest risk for typhoid in South Asia
According to Wikipedia, typhoid fever is caused by bacterium Salmonella. Symptoms usually begin 6 to 30 days after exposure. It is commonly accompanied by weakness, abdominal pain, constipation, headaches, and mild vomiting. Some people develop a skin rash with rose colored spots.
Wikipedia also said that people may carry the bacterium without being affected; however, they are still able to spread the disease to others. It is spread by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person.
“Risk factors include poor sanitation and poor hygiene. Those who travel in the developing world are also at risk. Only humans can be infected,” it said.
“Until an individual’s infection is confirmed as cleared, the individual should not prepare food for others. The disease is treated with antibiotics such as azithromycin, fluoroquinolones, or third-generation cephalosporins. Resistance to these antibiotics has been developing, which has made treatment of the disease more difficult.”
And according to US CDC, typhoid is common in developing countries. It is not common in industrialized regions such as “the United States, Canada, western Europe, Australia, and Japan”.
“Travelers to the developing world should consider taking precautions. Travelers to Asia, Africa, and Latin America are especially at risk, and the highest risk for typhoid is in south Asia,” CDC added. “About 22 million cases of typhoid fever and 200,000 related deaths occur worldwide each year.”
Indeed, according to this chart, the highest incidence rate for typhoid occurred in the Indian sub-continent:

So far, on MOH’s website, it did not say anything about the outbreak of typhoid publicly.
It only issued a PR on 8 Aug – Over 880 General Practitioner Clinics Open During National Day and Hari Raya Haji Weekend, and release a speech from Edwin Tong on 2 Aug – Speech by Mr Edwin Tong, Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Law & Ministry of Health, at the Institute of Mental Health (IMH) Nurses’ Day 2019, 2 August 2019.
 

Subscribe
Notify of
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
You May Also Like

《砂报告》主编被列黑名单 内政部应解释是否涉外国政治干预

撰文:Jolovan 揭弊网站《砂拉越报告》调查记者克莱尔(Rewcastle Brown)日前在离境新加坡时,为移民与关卡局“短暂拘留”。 《砂拉越报告》日前在官方脸书揭露,克莱尔在本月15日凌晨1时,在兀兰关卡准备前往马来西亚时,接受移民局官员的盘问。似乎有人在2016年,将他列入黑名单。 执法人员对此也感到困惑,随着克莱尔澄清此事涉及揭发一马发展公司案后,官员与她握握手,克莱尔也能自由离开。 官员也建议她将被列入黑名单的神秘疑窦反映给有关当局。 克莱尔是在上周五,在新加坡推介其新书《砂拉越报告》。 克莱尔因为揭发一马公司丑闻,曾被马国前朝政府通缉,在2015年8月发出通缉令,指控克莱尔散播假消息和“破坏议会民主”,令巫统领导的前朝政府信誉受损。 但是随着5月9日马国变天,政权交替,她的通缉令才被撤销。 随后,移民与关卡局也澄清,克莱尔并未被短暂扣留,只是与后者进行“简短盘问”,这是例行的移民清关程序,记录也显示她在16分钟后即离开新加坡。 尽管不会限制克莱尔出入境,但是移民局在回应媒体质询时,也没有釐清为何前者会被列入黑名单。 在去年9月,本社总编许渊臣也有被警方限制离境的经历,事后警方证实,前者因为声援被死刑处决的马国公民普拉巴嘉兰,被指控参与非法集会,而在接受侦查期间遭限制出境。…

A note to donors

Dear Readers, Firstly we would like to thank you for your kind…

Alternative Outcomes for the 2011 General Election

~ By Tim (Tiddy) Smith ~ Citizens spend a great deal of time deciding…

“No loss in energy level”: Goh Chok Tong went for a walk in the zoo after receiving COVID-19 vaccination

Emeritus Senior Minister (ESM) Goh Chok Tong received his first dose of…