Immediately after the ruling of South China Sea was declared by the Permanent Court of Arbitration on July 12, which was said that China had no rights to resources in South China Sea, China declared that it is ignoring the decision.
China has argued that Permanent Court of Arbitration has no legitimate jurisdiction on this issue since it concerns “sovereignty” from the day the Philippines went to court. When the court rejected its objection, China refused to participate in the hearings and emphasized that it would ignore the ruling.
China stated, “The arbitration tribunal made the illegal and invalid so-called final verdict on the South China Sea dispute on July 12.Regarding this issue, China has made the statement for many times that it is against the international law that the Aquino III administration of Philippines unilaterally requested the arbitration. The arbitration tribunal has no jurisdiction on this matter.”
Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin, made a statement a day after the tribunal was held, saying that the Philippines has created and stirred up the trouble. The statement was made ahead of introducing a paper about the tribunal’s findings.
He said that Philippines violated the agreement between the countries about settling the disputes via bilateral negotiation. Manila had “distorted facts and concocted packs of lies”, he added.
Air Defense Identification Zone over the sea was China’s right to declare, he said. “China has established an ADIZ over the East China Sea,” Liu told reporters.
He hopes that other countries will not take the opportunity to threaten China. Liu insisted, “Do not turn the South China Sea into a cradle of war. China’s aim is to turn the South China Sea into a sea of peace, friendship and cooperation.”
Liu attacked the integrity of the tribunal and said that the five judges “were making money from Philippines”. He asked rhetorically, “Are there judges representative? Do they understand Asian culture?” He even accused the Japanese former president of the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea, Shunji Yanai, for manipulating the entire process of the court from behind the scenes.
Sensing the opportunity, the Obama administration has begun a diplomatic push. It backed up the tribunal and persuaded allies to speak out for a “rules-based order at sea”. It also encouraged the allies to settle territorial disputes by using the international law.
In his speech in Hanoi, Obama called for the “peaceful resolution” of the disputes. “Nations are sovereign and no matter how large or small a nation may be, its territory should be respected. Big nations should not bully smaller ones,” Obama said. “Disputes should be resolved peacefully.”
“In the South China Sea, the U.S. is not a claimant in current disputes, but we will stand with our partners in upholding key principles like freedom of navigation,” he added.
Wang said that the involved countries of the disputed area should settled the issue through disscussion and negotiation. “At the same time, China and ASEAN countries … will continue to maintain peace, stability and that includes the freedom of navigation in the South China Sea,” Wang said